Heat Rash Remedies

June 1, 2011

Summer is here and many of you or your child may be suffering from heat rash. Heat rash is also called prickly heat or miliaria. You might be worried about how to get rid of prickly heat rash. This is not a serious disease and goes away on its own within 2-3 days after you avoid hot and humid environment, but one may feel discomfort due to itching and rash. Heat rash develops as a result of obstruction to the sweat ducts.

Are you at risk?

Every person who is exposed to hot and humid condition may be at risk. Although, it is most common in children, it can occur in adults too. If you are over weight, if you exercise in hot and humid environment you might get it easily.

Are there any other risk factors?

Yes, there are many other risk factors for prickly heat which are listed below:
High humidity
High temperature
Sunburn
Fever
Exercise and sweating
Tight garments
Saunas and steam rooms

Heat rash remedies

Heat rash is not a serious problem and resolves within 2-3 days after avoiding the humid and hot environment. There are several remedies for heat rash. If the rash is annoying you, you can apply soothing lotions like calamine lotion. There are many powders available in the market for prevention and treatment; you can apply them on regular basis during summer months. Oral anti-itch medications like Benadryl and Claritin may relief the itching. If your symptoms are severe, mild over the counter topical steroids may be applied. Sometimes oral antibiotics may be needed if the rash gets infected.

Can heat rash be prevented?

Yes, it can be avoided and prevented easily if you follow the following recommendations:
Avoid excessive sweating, hot and humid environment.
Always use loose cotton clothing, avoid polyester garments.
Maintain better ventilation and temperature in your room with air conditioning or fan.
Take plenty of water to maintain your body temperature.
Apply cool or frozen packs to the affected area. Remember; don’t just keep the frozen pack in the area for more then 10-15 minutes.
Take a cool bath or shower as needed.

Do I need a medical care?

Miliaria is not a serious problem and usually resolves without any complications but be sure to seek medical advice immediately, if you or your child has any of the following symptoms:
Fever or headache
Dizziness, Nausea or vomiting
Swollen lymph nodes
Formation of pus in the lesion
Increase swelling, pain or redness in the area.

If you have any questions regarding, Heat Rash Remedies You can ask us at: DermaTalk Skin Care Advice Forum

Nipple eczema treatment

January 19, 2011

Nipple eczema is a common concern which usually affect the nipple, areolae or the surrounding skin of the breast. It can cause considerable discomfort and pain among the women, especially those nursing mothers during breastfeeding. Treatment approaches are almost similar to other type of eczema, but few precautions should be taken for nursing mothers.

Nipple Eczema is of the moist type. You may experience a burning, itching, and painful especially while breastfeeding. Oozing, crusting and painful fissuring is frequently seen in breastfeeding mothers. Usually both nipples are involved, sometime may involve only one breast and resolves with in a few weeks with proper care. If the Nipple Eczema has persisted for more than 3 months and especially if it is unilateral( involving only one breast), you should immediately contact your doctor. Your doctor may perform a biopsy to rule out the possibility of Paget’s disease and other conditions of the breast.
How is it treated:

Low potency steroids are the first line of treatment for nipple eczema. Ointments are preferred over creams as they are well absorbed faster before your next breast feeding period. If the condition is severe your doctor may prescribed potent steroids, potent steroids must never be used more then 10 days. In some severe cases Intralesional corticosteroids are also being prescribed. If the nipple is infected your doctor may prescribe some antibiotics along with steroids ointments.

To apply, first allow your nipple to dry after your breastfeeding, then apply the ointment sparingly over your nipple. You don’t need to rinse the ointment off your breast in the next feed if your next breastfeed time is more then 3 hours or so, as ointments are absorbed good. If you need to rinse before feed, just gently rinse with water. Don’t use soaps as it may sometime be irritating.

Things you should know:
Avoid shampoos and soaps on the nipples.
Avoid use of any cosmetic products.
Avoid hot showers.
Use moisturizing creams on your nipple after bath.

Genital warts in men

January 3, 2011

Genital warts or condylomata acuminata are very common human papilomavirus infection in both men and women. Since most of the research has been focused on HPV in women as a risk of having cervical cancer, men are also equally affected and cause major health concern. So it’s important to understand the risk and treatment for genital warts in men.

In men, HPV can also increase risk of having genital cancers but are less common. More then 50% of the men who are sexually active may have HPV infection at some time in their life.

There are more then 30 subtypes of HPV that can lead to anal or penis cancer, but are rare. The risk of anal and penis cancer is high with sexually active men. But the type of HPV that causes genital warts is not same as the HPV that causes cancer.

Symptoms of genital warts in men

Warts may be single or more that may grow on penis, groin, testicles, thigh or anus. These warts may be raised or flat and may give a shape of cauli-flower. These lesions are usually painless. These warts may appear within a week or after several months of contact with infected person.

Test for genital warts in men

There is no specific test for men and your doctor may diagnose with the clinical examination. If the diagnosis is unclear biopsy may be done.

Genital Warts treatment in men

There is no cure for genital warts in men. So treatment is focused on treating the visible warts and relief symptoms and avoid future complications. There are few topical applications available that can reduce the appearance of warts these medications are Podophyllum resin, Podofilox, Trichloroacetic acid, Dichloroacetic acids.

Other then topical medications your doctor may treat genital warts with surgery. The surgical options are surgical excision, Cryotherapy, Carbon dioxide laser treatment. If none of the treatment is responsive your doctor may prescribe Interferon alpha-n3, but this is not used as routine treatment.

There is a FDA approved vaccination available for males between ages 9-26 called “Gardasil” which is given early in 3 doses over 6 months. This vaccine is effective is preventing HPV subtypes 6,11,16,18. This vaccine is only effective if you are not already infected with HPV virus.

Syringomas Under Eye

June 23, 2010

Syringomas are small harmless lesions that usually appear under the lower eyelids and sometimes on cheeks. They usually starts in young age and present as small, multiple, soft, skin-color to yellow brown papules. Syringomas are common in women then men. As they are harmless no treatment is required. Treatment of Syringoma is for cosmetic purpose only.

Syringoma under eye is caused due to overgrowth of cells from sweat glands. Syringomas may also run in families. It may also be common in other disease. Report shows that more then 18% of people with Down Syndrome may have syringoma. Diabetes peoples also often have clear cell syringoma.

Sometimes Syringoma may be confused with other skin conditions. In that case your doctor will confirm it by skin biopsy and exclude other possible conditions. If syringoma is confirmed as a diagnosis. You may not need any treatment. But syringoma under eye is often frustrating, so for cosmetic reason it can be removed.

Destruction of syringoma may be simple but scarring and recurrence may be occur. So consult your dermatologist before trying any treatment options for syringoma. Some of the syringoma treatment that are being used may include:

* Excision of lesion with scalpel, scissors or flexible razor blade.

* Carbon dioxide or Er:YAG laser treatment.

* Cryosurgery, which involved freezing the lesion with liquid nitrogen.

* Cauterization, which involves burning the lesion with a electric needle.

* Electrodesiccation and curettage.

* Dermabrasion.

* Trichloroacetic acid.

Acne in children

December 19, 2009

Acne in children can be seen in the first year of life, early childhood, prepubertal age, and puberty.  However, in mid-childhood, between 1-7 years, acne is uncommon, and when it is encountered it should be evaluated for hyperandrogenism. There are several subsets in childhood acne.

Neonatal acne: It is actually not acne. It has been renamed as neonatal cephalic pustulosis (NCP). It presents in new borns, in the first few weeks of life, as papules and pustules on the cheeks, chin, eyelids, and forehead Comedones are absent. NCP represents follicular or poral colonization with Malassezia sympodialis and M. globosa. It is usually self-limiting and does not require any treatment.

Infantile acne: It is less common than NCP and starts later, typically between 3-6 months. Boys are more frequently affected than girls, and there is usually a family history of severe acne. The clinical picture shows the usual mix of acne lesions – comedones, inflammatory lesions including nodules and cysts, and in some cases, even scars . The severity and course varies. Typically it remits between 1-2 years of age. If antibiotics are required, the choice is between erythromycin and trimethoprim (unavailable in India). Oral isotretinoin is indicated for nodular/scarring infantile acne. Isotretinoin administration in young children is complicated because it is only available in gelatin capsules and is inactivated when exposed to sunlight and oxygen. It is suggested that capsules should be opened in dim light and mixed with butter and jam and spread on a bread slice. A second suggestion is to freeze the capsule to a solid consistency and then cut the capsule to the desired dose and conceal it within a palatable food such as a candy bar.

Mid-childhood acne: In mid-childhood between 1-7 years of age, acne is very rare. Clinically it is similar to infantile acne, but denotes hyperandrogenism. The best screening test for hyperandrogenism in this age group is bone age.

Prepubertal acne: It represents early adrenarche and may appear as early as eight years of age. It is more frequent among girls. It is predominantly comedonal and central part of forehead is where it begins. It is associated with raised levels of DHEAS and, in some cases, free testosterone.It evolves into common acne and continues as adolescent acne. The treatment depends on the type and severity of lesions, and the age at treatment. Macrolides are the treatment of choice. Tetracyclines may be given above the age of eight years, although some experts draw the line at 10 years. Cephalexin is an option in the below 8-years age group.

Over The Counter Acne Treatment

December 16, 2009

There are many over the counter treatment for acne available in market, but with all these range of products its difficult which or how these products works on you. Not every active acne treatment ingredients work the same way, So before you go for the closest pharmacy or store to buy so called “Best over the counter acne treatment”, Its very important to learn how these over the counter acne products work and what ingredients should you look for. We’ll give a short review on these products and some common brand names you choose to buy.

Salicylic Acid: Good for non-inflammatory acne lesions. Its helps by slowing the shedding process of cells within a hair follicles and further preventing the pores from clogging. It break down whiteheads and blackheads. Sometimes it might cause mild skin irritation for some people. The usual strength that are available over the counter on market range from 0.5%-2% and in cream or lotion form.

Common brand names Containing Salicylic Acid are:
Neutrogena Acne Rapid Clear Daily Treatment Pads
Olay 7-In-1 Anti-Aging Salicylic Acid Acne Cleanse
DDF Acne Control Treatment
Stridex
Noxzema Anti-Acne Gel
Noxzema Anti-Acne Pads
Clearasil Clearstick,
Oxy Night Watch
L’Oreal’s Acne Response

Benzoyl Peroxide : its one of the most common and effective treatment available. Benzoyl peroxide helps kill the bacteria ( P. acnes) and also helps unclog pores and remove dead cells, excess oil and reduce inflammation. The uaual strength that are available over the counter in the markets range from 2.5% to 10%. But remember, it can cause more dryness and more sensitive to ultravoilet ( UV) exposure. So always follow the instruction before use. Also, avoid contact with the clothes and hair as it has a bleaching effect.

Common Brand Names containing Benzoyl peroxide:
Proactiv
Neutrogena On-the-Spot
Clearasil
Oxy-10
Persa-Gel
Fostex
Benzaderm Gel
Glytone 10% Benzoyl Peroxide Acne Treatment Gel
MD Formulations Benzoyl Peroxide 10

Sulfur and Resorcinol: Resorcinol helps control acne lesion and remove dead skin cells and with combination with sulfur together they helps reduce oil and remove blackheads and whiteheads and other dead skin cells. they are usually sold on market with a strength ranging from 2% to 5% to 8%.

Common brand names Containing Sulfur and resorcinol:
Clearasil Medicated Blemish Cream
Clearasil Medicated Blemish Stick
Clearasil Adult Care
Rezamid Lotion
Glytone Flesh Tinted Acne Treatment Lotion
Acne-Aid Gel
Acnomel Skin Tone
Acnomel Vanishing
Night Cast S

Alcohol and Acetone: For a oily type of skin this Alcohol and acetone in combination with other ingredients as described above may be used. Alcohol has mild antimicrobial properties and acetone removes excess and dirt from the skin. Together they help reducing oil and dirt and unclog pores.

Common brand names Containing Alcohol and acetone:
Seba-Nil Liquid Cleanser
Tyrosum Liquid Acne Skin Cleanser
Glytone Acne Treatment Toner

So before you buy any Over The Counter Acne Treatment products make sure to look for the ingredients that suits your skin type and don’t just jump to some miracle products that claims to treat your acne within 2-3 days. It about your look, make a wise choice.

Seborrheic Dermatitis Treatment

December 15, 2009

Seborrheic  Dermatitis is a chronic scaly inflammatory eruption usually affecting but not limited to scalp and face. It may include scalp, face, eyebrows, naso-labial  folds, external ear canal and less frequently on axillae, groin and umbilicus area.

Seborrheic  Dermatitis is usually severe during the winter and affects both races and sexes, though male ratio is higher then female. The cause of Seborrheic Dermatitis is unknown. Some study suggest yeast Pityrosporum Ovale probably be the causative factor, But both environmental and genetic factors influence the onset and course of disease.

Treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis:

For mild cases of Seborrheic Dermatitis, shampooing is the best option. It can be controlled and treated completely even with non- medicated shampoos in sufficient  quantity. For more severe cases, application of anti-dandruff shampoos daily or 3-4 times a week has a good outcome. Shampoos containing Zinc Pyrithione ( Head and shoulders ), 1% Selenium Sulphide ( selsun Blue ), Ketoconazole ( Nizoral ), Salicyclic acid and Shulphur ( Sebulex ) and Tar derivatives ( ) are good and well tolerated. These products can be bought without doctor prescription.

People often complains of treatment failure of shampoo as they don’t use it in the right way. It is very important to remember that we are treating the scalp not the hair. So, for better result,  shampoo should be left for better penetration on the scalp for atleast 5 minutes.

For more severe cases or for those people whom daily shampoo is not possible or is inadequate  for treating, Corticosteriods lotion like 1% hydrocortisone can be used. Twice daily regimen is usually safe and effective for short term course. Long term use of corticosteroids is not suggested. If this preparation is not working you may go on strong steroids under dermatologist prescription. These strong preparation includes 0.025% Triamcinolone , 0.01% Flucinolone or 0.05% betamethasone. Study suggest this will improve your dermatitis within 1-4 weeks but relapse is more common then with the use of antifungal application.

When every treatment fails to give the good outcome, more intensive treatment might be required. These preparation includes 5%, 10%, 20% Liquor carbonin detergens in Nivea oil applied at bedtime with occlusion and shampooing the next morning, then followed by steroids during the day. Another option may be applying a tar shampoo at bedtime with occlusion overnight and rinsing the next morning. Tar preparation are slightly malodorous and messy but are safe and effective and has more lasting relief then steroids.

For those with more diffuse type of Seborrheic dermatitis involving face,ears and chest, ketoconazole cream ( Nizoral ) can be applied to clear the scales and erythema. Frequent washing with zinc soap and selenium lotion will suppress the activity and avoid recurrence.

How to Exfoliate Your Skin

December 6, 2009

Exfoliating is a treatment where the dead cells on the surface of the skin are removed by abrading it with a sponge. You can exfoliate any area of your skin. When you exfoliate your skin, be sure to choose a product that is suitable to the condition of your face.

Exfoliating helps to remove the wrinkles, and fine lines from your skin. It speeds up skin shedding by removing the dead cells on the uppermost layer of the skin to expose the finer and newer tissue beneath.

Normally, your skin replaces the dead cells with new cells every month. However, you can speed up the process by sloughing off old, dead cells. If the old, dead cells are not removed, it will block the sebaceous spores and developed blackheads.

There are many types of exfoliators on the market to suit your skin needs. You should choose the one that best suit your skin conditions and will be beneficial to your complexion after using. The purpose of using an exfoliator is to do away with dead skin cells, open up the skin pores that are clogged, remove skin discolorations, remove acne scars, improve blood circulations and have a more radiant skin complexion.

The most popular type of exfoliator is the mechanical exfoliator. Mechanical exfoliator usually comes in the form of creams or lotions that contains bits of rough particles to help exfoliate your skin by sloughing against it. Mechanical exfoliator is available in different varieties to suit different kinds of skin including, normal, oily, and dry skin. Popular varieties of mechanical exfoliator brands contains small crystalline particles is called microdermabrasion exfoliators. Exfoliators should be used on skin with discolorations, enlarged skin pores and it is suitable for people with thick skins. Recommended micro-dermabrasion products are Santuary – Warming Microbrasion Polish, L’Oreal Paris – Refinish, Olay, Vichy, and Origins. Mechanical exfoliator is not suitable for you if you have thin skin because it will cause broken capillaries or acne on skin.

Another type of exfoliator is the enzymatic exfoliator. Enzymatic exfoliator contains enzymes that will help to remove dead skin cells. Enzymatic exfoliator is suitable for dry, and thin skins as well as skins that suffered from acne. Enzymatic exfoliator is a handy exfoliator if your skin is not allergic to the type of enzyme used in the ingredient of the product. You can also make your own exfoliator by blending fruits such as oranges, papaya, pineapple, and kiwi that contain protein resolving enzymes that helps to improve your skin complexion. After you have lend a large chunk of the fruit with some sugar free yoghurt, apply it onto your face and leave it there for about 15 minutes before washing it away with a facial cleanser. This type of homemade exfoliating mask is beneficial for your skin by combining the lactic acid in yoghurt and the fruit enzymes.

The third type of exfoliator is chemical peels. Chemical peels contain beta hydroxy acid, and salicylic acid. Chemical peels contain low amount of acid and is safe to be used at home. Chemical peels that contain salicylic acid help to unclog skin pore and is beneficial for skin that suffered from acne.

Before you begin exfoliating your skin, wet your body in a bath tub or shower. After that, apply the exfoliating cleanser on your skin and rub it gently with a sponge or loofah. If you have dry skin, avoid exfoliating cleanser that contains volcanic rock. Scrub the exfoliating cleanser on your skin in a circular motion. Be sure to be gentle in areas such as the neck and thigh. When you are done, rinse your skin thoroughly with clean water. If you have dry skin, you should follow up with a moisturizer because exfoliating will make your skin drier.

Source: how to exfoliate your skin

Anti Aging Beauty Tips

December 4, 2009

By: Rebecca S. Purple

We all want to be immortals and we all want to look like gods and goddesses for the rest of our lives. I’m sad to break the news but it’s not happening. There are however things that closely resemble our dreams of godhood.

It’s all about taking care of your body and skin in the best way possible and avoiding substances that cause harm. I have noticed in my own body that when I eat healthier foods, exercise now and then and use natural anti aging creams, my skin looks a lot better and people even ask me what I’ve done with it.

To be honest, we all fall off the wagon sometimes and we’ll eat that pizza, ice cream or whatever, but that’s okay. Just jump back on and keep on going. With all that said, here are 4 anti aging beauty tips that I use in my life all the time. They have been proven to work and if you incorporate them into your life, you will see results too.

1. Fruits are highly nutritious, easily digestible and overall healthy for you. They give you energy and they even help you lose weight. Many people today are scared of carbohydrates but that is a myth. Some of the largest dietary studies done have shown that humans thrive on high fruit and vegetable diets.

2. Stress is killing many people today and it is causing you to prematurely age. Learn to relax by taking time off, doing what you love, exercising, meditating or even doing yoga. The possibilities are endless, just choose something you like.

3. Face masks are important for your skin because they help clean and hydrate. I personally use face masks from a company that produces cutting-edge products, because I have found them to work the best, but you can make your own as well.

4. Anti aging product lines today are filled with chemicals, but there are many excellent alternatives out there. I personally use a natural anti-aging cream that I believe in, so I know you can find one too.

If you have any questions on best anti-aging cream ask us at DermaTalk Skin Care Advice Forum

Article Source: http://ezinearticles.com/?expert=Rebecca_S._Purple

Foot Care Tips For Winter Season

August 27, 2009

As we store our sandles and other airy summber shoes for winter, so many of us probably not thinking about how we can adjust to boots in winter. Many might not care about their feet but its of great important to know about it as feet tends to sweat more when they are enclosed in warm socks and boots,thus they smell more and there are more fungal infections and feet also dries out more in winter.So here are few tips you should know about your foot care.

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